Print
Ohinemuri Regional History Journal 18, June 1974

By C.W. MALCOLM, B.A.

I was asked by our Editor if I would undertake the compilation of our district's chronology so have been through all our Journals - a task full of interest. What a debt we owe to our Contributors! Further research involved some months of toil, groping through the musty files of the "Weekly News" and "N.Z. Herald" stored in the Institute Library at the Auckland War Memorial Museum. This sounds exciting but one has to try it to realise how tedious the turning of old pages may soon become!

Note by Ed. - We can vouch for the above in connection with the valuable old "Thames Advertiser" and our own "Gazette", but tender our special thanks to Mr. Malcolm. It is fitting that we should review our local progress in relationship with the expansion of settlement of N.Z. as a whole. Hence we list first the important events which preceded the major one for Ohinemuri - "The Opening of the Goldfield in 1875".

 

PRE EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT

850 - 1000

Discovery of New Zealand by Kupe.

About 1100

Advent of Toi People.

About 1150

Arrival of the "Fleet".

1350-

"Arawas" took over Hauraki.

About 1560

Infiltration of "Tainui" people.

"Ngati Hako" round Firth of Thames.

1575 - 1650

Conquest of Hauraki by "Marutuahu" people. (Tainui). Ngati-Maru, Tamatera, and others.

 

EARLY IMPORTANT EVENTS

1642

Abel Tasman discovered and named New Zealand.

1769

Arrival of Capt. Cook - Mercury Bay and Thames River.

1795 - 1800

Timber Ships and Run-away Sailors.

1820

Rev. Marsdon (Missionary) visited Paeroa.

1821

The Fall of Totara Pa (Heart of Hauraki).

1833

Puriri Mission Station established.

1839

Joshua Thorp purchased land near Coromandel.

L.A. McCaskill & others - Timbermill at Hikutaia.

1840

Treaty of Waitangi signed.

1841

(Auckland became Capital of New Zealand).

I842

Joshua Thorp & Family settled at Paeroa, near Puke Bridge.

1848

Donald McCaskill & Family settled at Hikutaia.

1852

Discovery of Gold at Coromandel.

1853

Captain A.J. Nicholas - Trader on Waihou between Matamata and Thames.

1860+

White Settlers round coast of Hauraki Gulf (Miranda, etc.)

1863

Waikato War. (Maori King Movement).

1864

War at Tauranga. (Missionary Difficulties).

1865

Sawmill at Turua - later Bagnall’s.

Wellington declared Capitol [Capital – E] of New Zealand.

1867

Opening of Thames Goldfield.

1868

Rev. V. Lush visited Paeroa with James Mackay, who began negotiations with Ngatitamatera for opening of Ohinemuri for Gold Mining.

1869

Asher Cassrels set up Trading Station at Paeroa.

1870

John Buchanan purchased land at Tirohia. (The river the only highway). Flour Mill established near Pai-o-Hauraki Meeting House.

1872

1st Postal service (uncertain) to Austin’s Hotel.

Shipping increased (always with tide).

Hopeful Prospectors "camped" at Paeroa.

1872

Henry Alley purchased part of McCaskill’s Grant at Hikutaia.

1874

James Mackay conferred with very large Maori gathering at Whaketiwai [Whakatiwai – E].

1875

New Landing Stage erected at Wharf Street, Paeroa.

12-2-1875

Signing of Deed of Cession at Meeting House.

27-2-1875

Sale (by Auction) of Paeroa leasehold sections surveyed by Alfred Thorp, and held by Russell & Jackson (Solicitors)

1-3-1875

Six Steamers left Thames for Paeroa.

2-3-1875

Ohinemuri Goldfield declared open at Mackaytown. Issue of Miners Rights and rush to stake Claims at Karangahake and Waitekauri.

(to be Continued) [see Journal 19: Paeroa - A First Chronology (Part 2) - E].